As both the oldest and most famous Islamic shrine in the world, the Dome of the Rock is one of the most sought pilgrimage destinations in the world. Constructed on top of the site of the Second Jewish Temple around 690 CE, its historical and religious value is unprecedented.
The exterior detail of the dome is in the shape of a Byzantine martyrium, built for the purpose of housing holy relics. It is also jacketed in over 100,000 melted Dinar gold coins, covering the entire done and making it a gem of middle Byzantine art.
The Dome of the Rock’s famous wooden dome has a diameter of about 60 feet (20 meters) and is mounted on a drum consisting of 16 piers and columns circularly placed beneath. The entire shrine has a 66.27 ft (20.20 m) diameter by 67.19 ft (20.48 m) in width.
Access to the Dome of the Rock can be a bit tricky, as particular entrance points are guarded and do not allow stragglers in and out. Also, hours for visitation is limited between Muslim prayer services, holidays, and religious tension, so be sure to check a head of time. There is also a problem with tourists not being able to see the interior of the complex, access being restricted only to Muslims, so the closest one may get to it is via the Temple Mount.